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ABAP-索引

developer 2022年03月09日 SAP 144 0

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     tables: csks. 
 
     start-of-selection. 
 
       select * up to 10 rows from csks 
 
                              where kokrs <> space and 
 
                                    kostl <> space 
 
                              %_hints oracle 'index(csks"J")'. 
 
       write: / csks. 
 
     endselect.  

ABAPSQL语句,指定索引(oracle)

 

①常用的两种方法:

1、指定使用全表扫描:%_HINTS ORACLE 'FULL(table_name)'

     表示扫描整个表

2、指定索引:%_HINTS ORACLE 'INDEX("table_name" " index_name") '

      表示扫描索引表

在SQL语句优化过程中,经常会用到hint。

 

Using secondary indexes

 

Consider the following example: 

SELECT * FROM SPFLI %_HINTS ORACLE 'INDEX("SPFLI" "SPFLI~001")' ....... ENDSELECT.

In the above example, 001 is the secondary index of the table SPFLI. It's a well-known fact that the efficient way of retrieving data from the database tables is by using secondary indexes. Many database vendors provide the optimizer hints for the same. From SAP v4.5, optimizer hints can be provided by the %_HINTS parameter. This is dependent on the database systems that support optimizer hints. The point to be noted here is these optimizer hints are not standardized by the SQL standards. Each database vendor is free to provide the optimizer hints.

Now to know which index to use for our table:

1. Go to SE11 and there specify the table name

2. Now from the menu, goto --> indexes

3. select the required index.

 

Now suppose that the identifier 001 represents a non-unique secondary index comprising of the columns CITYFROM and CITYTO. The index name should be defined as:

 ~ like SPFLI~001 in the above example.

The sequence of fields in the WHERE condition is of no relevance in using this optimizers index. If you specify hints incorrectly, ABAP ignores them but doesn't return a syntax error or runtime error.

The code was written in R/3 4.6C.

 

Code

 

Consider the following example:

REPORT Suresh_test. TABLES: spfli. DATA : t_spfli LIKE spfli OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE. SELECT * FROM spfli INTO TABLE t_spfli %_HINTS ORACLE 'INDEX("SPFLI" "SPFLI~001")'. LOOP AT t_spfli. WRITE :/ t_spfli. ENDLOOP.

ABAP--如何在SELECT语句中指定索引(example)

report z_generic_test_program .

 tables: csks.

 start-of-selection.

   select * up to 10 rows from csks

                          where kokrs <> space and

                                kostl <> space

                          %_hints oracle 'index(csks"J")'.

   write: / csks.

 endselect. 

Control over FOR ALL ENTRIES Hints

Under the heading Database Interface Hints, Note 129385 describes the options you have for influencing the database interface by entering hints. The hints are evaluated in the database interface itself and are not passed on to the database.

 

Starting with kernel Release 4.6B all the above mentioned FOR ALL ENTRIES parameters can be set via such a hint for a single statement. In the example:

  SELECT * FROM [..] FOR ALL ENTRIES IN [..] WHERE [..]

  %_HINTS ORACLE '&prefer_in_itab_opt 1&&prefer_fix_blocking -1&'.

This way, the boolean parameter 'prefer_in_itab_opt' is explictly set and the boolean parameter 'prefer_fix_blocking' is set to its default value.

 

FOR ALL ENTRIES hints, like hints are generally only used as

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