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c#抓取和分析网页的类

xmjava 2022年03月15日 编程设计 173 0

抓取和分析网页的类。

主要功能有:

1、提取网页的纯文本,去所有html标签和javascript代码

2、提取网页的链接,包括href和frame及iframe

3、提取网页的title等(其它的标签可依此类推,正则是一样的)

4、可以实现简单的表单提交及cookie保存

/* * Author:Sunjoy at CCNU * 如果您改进了这个类请发一份代码给我(ccnusjy 在gmail.com) */ using System; using System.Data; using System.Configuration; using System.Net; using System.IO; using System.Text; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Text.RegularExpressions; using System.Threading; using System.Web; /// <summary> /// 网页类 /// </summary> public class WebPage { #region 私有成员 private Uri m_uri; //网址 private List<Link> m_links; //此网页上的链接 private string m_title; //此网页的标题 private string m_html; //此网页的HTML代码 private string m_outstr; //此网页可输出的纯文本 private bool m_good; //此网页是否可用 private int m_pagesize; //此网页的大小 private static Dictionary<string, CookieContainer> webcookies = new Dictionary<string, CookieContainer>();//存放所有网页的Cookie private string m_post; //此网页的登陆页需要的POST数据 private string m_loginurl; //此网页的登陆页 #endregion #region 私有方法 /// <summary> /// 这私有方法从网页的HTML代码中分析出链接信息 /// </summary> /// <returns>List<Link></returns> private List<Link> getLinks() { if (m_links.Count == 0) { Regex[] regex = new Regex[2]; regex[0] = new Regex("(?m)<a[^><]+href=(\"|')?(?<url>([^>\"'\\s)])+)(\"|')?[^>]*>(?<text>(\\w|\\W)*?)</", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase); regex[1] = new Regex("<[i]*frame[^><]+src=(\"|')?(?<url>([^>\"'\\s)])+)(\"|')?[^>]*>", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase); for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) { Match match = regex[i].Match(m_html); while (match.Success) { try { string url = new Uri(m_uri, match.Groups["url"].Value).AbsoluteUri; string text = ""; if (i == 0) text = new Regex("(<[^>]+>)|(\\s)|(&nbsp;)|&|\"", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase).Replace(match.Groups["text"].Value, ""); Link link = new Link(url, text); m_links.Add(link); } catch(Exception ex){Console.WriteLine(ex.Message); }; match = match.NextMatch(); } } } return m_links; } /// <summary> /// 此私有方法从一段HTML文本中提取出一定字数的纯文本 /// </summary> /// <param name="instr">HTML代码</param> /// <param name="firstN">提取从头数多少个字</param> /// <param name="withLink">是否要链接里面的字</param> /// <returns>纯文本</returns> private string getFirstNchar(string instr, int firstN, bool withLink) { if (m_outstr == "") { m_outstr = instr.Clone() as string; m_outstr = new Regex(@"(?m)<script[^>]*>(\w|\W)*?</script[^>]*>", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase ).Replace(m_outstr, ""); m_outstr = new Regex(@"(?m)<style[^>]*>(\w|\W)*?</style[^>]*>", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase ).Replace(m_outstr, ""); m_outstr = new Regex(@"(?m)<select[^>]*>(\w|\W)*?</select[^>]*>", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase ).Replace(m_outstr, ""); if (!withLink) m_outstr = new Regex(@"(?m)<a[^>]*>(\w|\W)*?</a[^>]*>", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase).Replace(m_outstr, ""); Regex objReg = new System.Text.RegularExpressions.Regex("(<[^>]+?>)|&nbsp;", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase); m_outstr = objReg.Replace(m_outstr, ""); Regex objReg2 = new System.Text.RegularExpressions.Regex("(\\s)+", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase); m_outstr = objReg2.Replace(m_outstr, " "); } return m_outstr.Length > firstN ? m_outstr.Substring(0, firstN) : m_outstr; } /// <summary> /// 此私有方法返回一个IP地址对应的无符号整数 /// </summary> /// <param name="x">IP地址</param> /// <returns></returns> private uint getuintFromIP(IPAddress x) { Byte[] bt = x.GetAddressBytes(); uint i = (uint)(bt[0] * 256 * 256 * 256); i += (uint)(bt[1] * 256 * 256); i += (uint)(bt[2] * 256); i += (uint)(bt[3]); return i; } #endregion #region 公有文法 /// <summary> /// 此公有方法提取网页中一定字数的纯文本,包括链接文字 /// </summary> /// <param name="firstN">字数</param> /// <returns></returns> public string getContext(int firstN) { return getFirstNchar(m_html, firstN, true); } /// <summary> /// 此公有方法提取网页中一定字数的纯文本,不包括链接文字 /// </summary> /// <param name="firstN"></param> /// <returns></returns> public string getContextWithOutLink(int firstN) { return getFirstNchar(m_html, firstN, false); } /// <summary> /// 此公有方法从本网页的链接中提取一定数量的链接,该链接的URL满足某正则式 /// </summary> /// <param name="pattern">正则式</param> /// <param name="count">返回的链接的个数</param> /// <returns>List<Link></returns> public List<Link> getSpecialLinksByUrl(string pattern,int count) { if(m_links.Count==0)getLinks(); List<Link> SpecialLinks = new List<Link>(); List<Link>.Enumerator i; i = m_links.GetEnumerator(); int cnt = 0; while (i.MoveNext() && cnt<count) { if (new Regex(pattern, RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase ).Match(i.Current.url).Success) { SpecialLinks.Add(i.Current); cnt++; } } return SpecialLinks; } /// <summary> /// 此公有方法从本网页的链接中提取一定数量的链接,该链接的文字满足某正则式 /// </summary> /// <param name="pattern">正则式</param> /// <param name="count">返回的链接的个数</param> /// <returns>List<Link></returns> public List<Link> getSpecialLinksByText(string pattern,int count) { if (m_links.Count == 0) getLinks(); List<Link> SpecialLinks = new List<Link>(); List<Link>.Enumerator i; i = m_links.GetEnumerator(); int cnt = 0; while (i.MoveNext() && cnt < count) { if (new Regex(pattern, RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase ).Match(i.Current.text).Success) { SpecialLinks.Add(i.Current); cnt++; } } return SpecialLinks; } /// <summary> /// 此公有方法获得所有链接中在一定IP范围的链接 /// </summary> /// <param name="_ip_start">起始IP</param> /// <param name="_ip_end">终止IP</param> /// <returns></returns> public List<Link> getSpecialLinksByIP(string _ip_start, string _ip_end) { IPAddress ip_start = IPAddress.Parse(_ip_start); IPAddress ip_end = IPAddress.Parse(_ip_end); if (m_links.Count == 0) getLinks(); List<Link> SpecialLinks = new List<Link>(); List<Link>.Enumerator i; i = m_links.GetEnumerator(); while (i.MoveNext()) { IPAddress ip; try { ip = Dns.GetHostEntry(new Uri(i.Current.url).Host).AddressList[0]; } catch { continue; } if(getuintFromIP(ip)>=getuintFromIP(ip_start) && getuintFromIP(ip)<=getuintFromIP(ip_end)) { SpecialLinks.Add(i.Current); } } return SpecialLinks; } /// <summary> /// 这公有方法提取本网页的纯文本中满足某正则式的文字 /// </summary> /// <param name="pattern">正则式</param> /// <returns>返回文字</returns> public string getSpecialWords(string pattern) { if (m_outstr == "") getContext(Int16.MaxValue); Regex regex = new Regex(pattern, RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase ); Match mc=regex.Match(m_outstr); if (mc.Success) return mc.Groups[1].Value; return string.Empty; } #endregion #region 构造函数 private void Init(string _url) { try { m_uri = new Uri(_url); m_links = new List<Link>(); m_html = ""; m_outstr = ""; m_title = ""; m_good = true; if (_url.EndsWith(".rar") || _url.EndsWith(".dat") || _url.EndsWith(".msi")) { m_good = false; return; } HttpWebRequest rqst = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(m_uri); rqst.AllowAutoRedirect = true; rqst.MaximumAutomaticRedirections = 3; rqst.UserAgent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)"; rqst.KeepAlive = true; rqst.Timeout = 30000; lock (WebPage.webcookies) { if (WebPage.webcookies.ContainsKey(m_uri.Host)) rqst.CookieContainer = WebPage.webcookies[m_uri.Host]; else { CookieContainer cc = new CookieContainer(); WebPage.webcookies[m_uri.Host] = cc; rqst.CookieContainer = cc; } } HttpWebResponse rsps = (HttpWebResponse)rqst.GetResponse(); Stream sm = rsps.GetResponseStream(); if (!rsps.ContentType.ToLower().StartsWith("text/") || rsps.ContentLength > 1 << 22) { rsps.Close(); m_good = false; return; } Encoding cding = System.Text.Encoding.Default; string contenttype=rsps.ContentType.ToLower(); int ix = contenttype.IndexOf("charset="); if (ix != -1) { try { cding = System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding(rsps.ContentType.Substring(ix + "charset".Length + 1)); } catch { cding = Encoding.Default; } m_html = new StreamReader(sm, cding).ReadToEnd(); } else { m_html = new StreamReader(sm, cding).ReadToEnd(); Regex regex = new Regex("charset=(?<cding>[^=]+)?\"",RegexOptions.IgnoreCase); string strcding = regex.Match(m_html).Groups["cding"].Value; try { cding = Encoding.GetEncoding(strcding); } catch{ cding = Encoding.Default; } byte[] bytes=Encoding.Default.GetBytes(m_html.ToCharArray()); m_html = cding.GetString(bytes); if (m_html.Split('?').Length > 100) { m_html=Encoding.Default.GetString(bytes); } } m_pagesize = m_html.Length; m_uri = rsps.ResponseUri; rsps.Close(); } catch (Exception ex) { Console.WriteLine(ex.Message+m_uri.ToString()); m_good = false; } } public WebPage(string _url) { string uurl = ""; try { uurl = Uri.UnescapeDataString(_url); _url = uurl; } catch { }; Regex re = new Regex("(?<h>[^\x00-\xff]+)"); Match mc = re.Match(_url); if (mc.Success) { string han = mc.Groups["h"].Value; _url = _url.Replace(han, System.Web.HttpUtility.UrlEncode(han, Encoding.GetEncoding("GB2312"))); } Init(_url); } public WebPage(string _url, string _loginurl, string _post) { string uurl = ""; try { uurl = Uri.UnescapeDataString(_url); _url = uurl; } catch { }; Regex re = new Regex("(?<h>[^\x00-\xff]+)"); Match mc = re.Match(_url); if (mc.Success) { string han = mc.Groups["h"].Value; _url = _url.Replace(han, System.Web.HttpUtility.UrlEncode(han, Encoding.GetEncoding("GB2312"))); } if (_loginurl.Trim() == "" || _post.Trim() == "" || WebPage.webcookies.ContainsKey(new Uri(_url).Host)) { Init(_url); } else { #region 登陆 string indata = _post; m_post = _post; m_loginurl = _loginurl; byte[] bytes = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(_post); CookieContainer myCookieContainer = new CookieContainer(); try { //新建一个CookieContainer来存放Cookie集合 HttpWebRequest myHttpWebRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(_loginurl); //新建一个HttpWebRequest myHttpWebRequest.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"; myHttpWebRequest.AllowAutoRedirect = false; myHttpWebRequest.UserAgent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)"; myHttpWebRequest.Timeout = 60000; myHttpWebRequest.KeepAlive = true; myHttpWebRequest.ContentLength = bytes.Length; myHttpWebRequest.Method = "POST"; myHttpWebRequest.CookieContainer = myCookieContainer; //设置HttpWebRequest的CookieContainer为刚才建立的那个myCookieContainer Stream myRequestStream = myHttpWebRequest.GetRequestStream(); myRequestStream.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length); myRequestStream.Close(); HttpWebResponse myHttpWebResponse = (HttpWebResponse)myHttpWebRequest.GetResponse(); foreach (Cookie ck in myHttpWebResponse.Cookies) { myCookieContainer.Add(ck); } myHttpWebResponse.Close(); } catch { Init(_url); return; } #endregion #region 登陆后再访问页面 try { m_uri = new Uri(_url); m_links = new List<Link>(); m_html = ""; m_outstr = ""; m_title = ""; m_good = true; if (_url.EndsWith(".rar") || _url.EndsWith(".dat") || _url.EndsWith(".msi")) { m_good = false; return; } HttpWebRequest rqst = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(m_uri); rqst.AllowAutoRedirect = true; rqst.MaximumAutomaticRedirections = 3; rqst.UserAgent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)"; rqst.KeepAlive = true; rqst.Timeout = 30000; rqst.CookieContainer = myCookieContainer; lock (WebPage.webcookies) { WebPage.webcookies[m_uri.Host] = myCookieContainer; } HttpWebResponse rsps = (HttpWebResponse)rqst.GetResponse(); Stream sm = rsps.GetResponseStream(); if (!rsps.ContentType.ToLower().StartsWith("text/") || rsps.ContentLength > 1 << 22) { rsps.Close(); m_good = false; return; } Encoding cding = System.Text.Encoding.Default; int ix = rsps.ContentType.ToLower().IndexOf("charset="); if (ix != -1) { try { cding = System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding(rsps.ContentType.Substring(ix + "charset".Length + 1)); } catch { cding = Encoding.Default; } } m_html = new StreamReader(sm, cding).ReadToEnd(); m_pagesize = m_html.Length; m_uri = rsps.ResponseUri; rsps.Close(); } catch (Exception ex) { Console.WriteLine(ex.Message+m_uri.ToString()); m_good = false; } #endregion } } #endregion #region 属性 /// <summary> /// 通过此属性可获得本网页的网址,只读 /// </summary> public string URL { get { return m_uri.AbsoluteUri; } } /// <summary> /// 通过此属性可获得本网页的标题,只读 /// </summary> public string Title { get { if (m_title == "") { Regex reg = new Regex(@"(?m)<title[^>]*>(?<title>(?:\w|\W)*?)</title[^>]*>", RegexOptions.Multiline | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase ); Match mc = reg.Match(m_html); if (mc.Success) m_title= mc.Groups["title"].Value.Trim(); } return m_title; } } /// <summary> /// 此属性获得本网页的所有链接信息,只读 /// </summary> public List<Link> Links { get { if (m_links.Count == 0) getLinks(); return m_links; } } /// <summary> /// 此属性返回本网页的全部纯文本信息,只读 /// </summary> public string Context { get { if (m_outstr == "") getContext(Int16.MaxValue); return m_outstr; } } /// <summary> /// 此属性获得本网页的大小 /// </summary> public int PageSize { get { return m_pagesize; } } /// <summary> /// 此属性获得本网页的所有站内链接 /// </summary> public List<Link> InsiteLinks { get { return getSpecialLinksByUrl("^http://"+m_uri.Host,Int16.MaxValue); } } /// <summary> /// 此属性表示本网页是否可用 /// </summary> public bool IsGood { get { return m_good; } } /// <summary> /// 此属性表示网页的所在的网站 /// </summary> public string Host { get { return m_uri.Host; } } /// <summary> /// 此网页的登陆页所需的POST数据 /// </summary> public string PostStr { get { return m_post; } } /// <summary> /// 此网页的登陆页 /// </summary> public string LoginURL { get { return m_loginurl; } } #endregion } /// <summary> /// 链接类 /// </summary> public class Link { public string url; //链接网址 public string text; //链接文字 public Link(string _url, string _text) { url = _url; text = _text; } }

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